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Aphatasia And ADHD: Need To Know The Truth

June 13, 2023

7 min read

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Author : United We Care
Aphatasia And ADHD: Need To Know The Truth


Aphantasia is the inability to visualize mental images, while ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Aphantasia affects the mind’s eye, hindering visual imagination, while ADHD impacts attention, organization, and impulse control. Though distinct, individuals can experience both conditions separately.

What Is Aphantasia?

Aphantasia is when someone can’t see pictures in their mind[1]. Most people can close their eyes and imagine things like a beach, a loved one’s face, or a favorite animal. But for people with aphantasia, their mind is missing that visual part. They can still think about these things and know what they are, but the pictures don’t appear.

Imagine trying to remember a scene from a movie, but you can’t see any of the characters or places in your head. That’s how it feels for someone with aphantasia. They may rely on other senses or descriptions to understand and remember things.

It’s important to note that aphantasia doesn’t mean someone can’t think or have a good memory. People can still have intense thoughts, feelings, and emotions without a visual component. It’s as if they have a unique way of perceiving and remembering the world.

The causes of aphantasia are not fully understood, but researchers have proposed several theories. These include potential neurological differences in brain structure or function, associations with trauma or brain injury, developmental factors during early childhood, and possible genetic influences[2]. However, further research is needed to establish definitive causes and better understand this fascinating condition.

What Are The Types of Aphantasia?

There are two main types of aphantasia: congenital aphantasia and acquired aphantasia[3]:

What Are The Types of Aphantasia?


Congenital Aphantasia:

Congenital aphantasia refers to individuals who can never visualize mentally from birth. They have never experienced mental imagery and often discover their aphantasia when they learn that others can vividly imagine images in their mind’s eye. The underlying causes of congenital aphantasia are not yet fully understood and are the subject of ongoing scientific investigation.

Acquired Aphantasia:

Acquired aphantasia occurs when individuals lose the ability to visualize after previously having the capacity to do so. Several possible reasons exist, including brain injury, trauma, or certain neurological conditions. Acquired aphantasia can be sudden or gradual, and the specific cause can vary from person to person.

Understanding the different types of aphantasia helps shed light on this condition’s diverse experiences and origins. Further research is needed to explore the underlying mechanisms and potential treatments for congenital and acquired aphantasia.

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What Is The Relation Between Aphantasia And ADHD?

The relationship between aphantasia and ADHD is something that researchers haven’t fully figured out yet[4]. They have yet to do many studies on how these two conditions are connected. Aphantasia is when you can’t visualize things, and ADHD is more about attention and impulse control issues.

A person can have both aphantasia and ADHD, even though there is no direct connection between the two conditions. They can coexist in some cases. But remember, just because you have one doesn’t mean you automatically have the other. Each condition has its own set of symptoms and causes.

To understand how aphantasia and ADHD might be related, we need more research. So, suppose you’re experiencing symptoms of either or both conditions. In that case, talking to healthcare professionals or specialists who can thoroughly evaluate and offer guidance tailored to your situation is a good idea.

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What Are The Effects of Aphantasia and ADHD?

When it comes to aphantasia, the inability to visualize mental images can make remembering things more challenging.

Just picture this: you’re trying to recall the details of a beautiful sunset you once witnessed or even try to visualize the face of a loved one, but you can’t see it in your mind’s eye. It’s like your memory lacks that visual component.

Aphantasia affects your ability to mentally recreate vivid images, making it harder to remember specific visual details or conjure up mental pictures. Instead, you rely on other cognitive processes to understand and recall information. It’s like your mind works in a different, non-visual way, which can affect both memory and creative thinking[5].

ADHD is unique in its effects. It can mess with your attention, making it challenging to stay focused on tasks or manage your time effectively. You may be easily distracted or act impulsively without fully thinking. These difficulties can significantly impact various areas of your life, such as school or work performance, relationships, and even your self-esteem.

Remember that the effects of aphantasia and ADHD vary from person to person. Some may struggle more, while others find ways to manage it effectively. The good news is that with the proper support, like therapy or medication, and practical strategies, you can learn to navigate these challenges and lead a fulfilling life.

Read more about How to Use the Incredible Visualization Technique to Master Your Golf Game

Exploring Treatment Options for Aphantasia and ADHD


  • Utilize techniques like verbal or kinesthetic associations to compensate for the lack of mental imagery[6].
  • Incorporate mindfulness exercises and sensory cues to enhance cognitive processing.
  • Consider using external aids such as written descriptions or photographs to support memory recall.
  • Seek therapy or counselling to navigate the challenges associated with aphantasia and receive personalized support.


  • Implement behavioural interventions to improve organization, time management, and attention[7].
  • Discuss medication options with a healthcare professional, such as stimulants or non-stimulants, to address symptoms.
  • Engage in therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or psychoeducation, to develop coping strategies and address emotional or social difficulties.
  • Regularly communicate with healthcare professionals to fine-tune treatment plans and ensure ongoing support.

If you have aphantasia or ADHD, it’s essential to have a personalized treatment plan that suits your specific needs and goals. Communication with medical professionals should be transparent and open to ensure effective treatment.

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Aphantasia and ADHD can have significant impacts on individuals’ lives. Aphantasia affects memory recall and creativity, while ADHD disrupts attention, impulse control, and hyperactivity. Seeking appropriate support, such as therapy and tailored interventions, is crucial for managing these conditions and improving daily functioning.

Additionally, mental wellness platforms like United We Care offer a valuable resource. With a range of tools, resources, and expert guidance, United We Care can assist individuals in navigating the challenges of aphantasia and ADHD, providing support and promoting mental well-being. United We Care aims to enhance the overall quality of life for those affected by these conditions by uniting individuals with the proper care and resources.


[1] N. Dutta, “What it’s like to be ‘mind blind,’” Time, 08-Mar-2022.

[2] P. Bartolomeo et al., “Multiple-domain dissociation between impaired visual    perception and preserved mental imagery in a patient with bilateral extrastriate lesions,” Neuropsychologia, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 239–249, 1998.

[3] A. Zeman, M. Dewar, and S. Della Sala, “Lives without imagery – Congenital aphantasia,” Cortex, vol. 73, pp. 378–380, 2015.

[4] “Reddit – dive into anything,” Reddit.com. [Online]. Available: https://www.reddit.com/r/ADHD/comments/7xpglv/relationship_between_aphantasia_and_adhd/. [Accessed: 09-Jun-2023].

[5] “Online adhd clinic,” Adhd-symptoms.com. [Online]. Available: https://www.adhd-symptoms.com/adhd-blog/aphantasia-adhd. [Accessed: 09-Jun-2023].

[6] D. Yetman, “Is there an aphantasia cure? About the neurological condition,” Healthline, 14-Mar-2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.healthline.com/health/aphantasia-cure. [Accessed: 09-Jun-2023].

[7]CDC, “Treatment of ADHD,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 26-Oct-2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/treatment.html. [Accessed: 09-Jun-2023].

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Author : United We Care

Founded in 2020, United We Care (UWC) is providing mental health and wellness services at a global level, UWC utilizes its team of dedicated and focused professionals with expertise in mental healthcare, to solve 2 essential missing components in the market, sustained user engagement and program efficacy/outcomes.

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