Post traumatic amnesia – Understanding and Management

Post traumatic amnesia - Understanding and Management

Table of Contents


Post-Traumatic Amnesia (PTA) is after a period of unconsciousness when the harmed individual is conscious and awake.

In this stage, the individual will act or talk peculiarly. They will have no persistent memory of everyday occasions. Since the survivor can’t recall the immediate events, later events might get impacted and make daily living a challenging situation. PTA can happen now and again without the individual being unconscious beforehand, making the issue more surprising and may induce the person with sudden overwhelming feelings, making it more difficult.

How to manage PTA

What is Post-Traumatic Amnesia?

At the point when the survivor steps out of their trance-like state after a traumatic brain injury (TBI), they probably will have practically zero short memory. They might be perplexed, fomented, furious, incautious, or emotionally distraught. They exhibit total negligence for social appearances. They may also exhibit childish behaviour, act strangely, or in a way, unlike their regular character.

Post-Traumatic Amnesia (PTA) is a normal part of the healing process. It is called Post-Traumatic Amnesia (PTA). PTA is the timeframe after a brain injury when the cerebrum can’t frame consistent thoughts and recollections of events for a long time. As of late, the definition includes a condition of confusion regarding time, place, and individual. In this condition, the survivor may not completely understand their identity, who they are, and what they are experiencing.

What Are the Causes of PTA?

There can be several causes of PTA or memory loss, including:

  1. Head injury
  2. High fever
  3. Severe illness
  4. Emotional shock or hysteria
  5. Certain drugs, like barbiturates or heroin
  6. Stroke
  7. Seizures
  8. General anaesthetics
  9. Electroconvulsive therapy
  10. Alcohol-related brain damage
  11. Transient ischemic attack (a ‘mini stroke’)
  12. Alzheimer’s disease
  13. Brain surgery

What Are the Symptoms of PTA?

The precise definition of PTA is the deficiency of recent memory (current memory.) The individual may perceive loved ones, yet they may not understand the present situation, like how they are in a medical clinic or have had a physical issue.

Different symptoms of PTA include:

  1. Disarray, confusion, trouble, and tension
  2. Strange practices like violence, hatred, yelling, cursing, or disinhibition
  3. Inability to perceive familiar, known people
  4. Inclination to wander
  5. Sometimes, individuals might be exceptionally peaceful, docile, and agreeable.

What Are the Effects of PTA?

PTA itself doesn’t have any unpleasant impacts, except if the individual’s conduct might make them harm themselves. Be that as it may, the span of PTA, alongside the timeframe in a trance state, is often a good indication of the seriousness of the mental injury and its probable long-term impacts.

Individuals who experience PTA for over 24 hours will probably have had a severe mental injury and encounter long-term complexities. However, a PTA of under one hour will probably indicate minor damage to the cerebrum. The drawn-out impacts are most likely to appear when the PTA has passed.

How long will Post-Traumatic Amnesia endure?

PTA might keep going for a couple of moments, hours, days, weeks, or even, in rare cases, months.

Specific sorts of medicine, such as antidepressants, attempt to work on the condition with differing levels of progress. Unfortunately, there is generally no chance of realising precisely the way that long it will endure.

How to Manage PTA?

Management of PTA is a phase of recovery that an individual goes through after a traumatic brain injury. While it is exceptionally upsetting for loved ones and may also become difficult to handle by clinical and administrative staff, this is a stage that will pass.

  • Attempt to remain as quiet as can be. 

Seeing others upset and not making people understand may add to the disarray and misery of the individual experiencing PTA. Their cerebrum, while healing, would try to adapt to the injury. Therefore, the individual must avoid feelings that trigger or cause a moment of severe distress. It, thus, helps to maintain a serene and calm climate.

  • Decrease the extent of the damage. 

Post-Traumatic Amnesia (PTA) might mean having somebody sit with the individual at all times, mainly because they may wander off or try to get up. During the day, a list of recognisable appearances might be helpful, maybe with caretakers. Talk about the circumstance with the clinic staff.

The individual might ask the same things repeatedly, which can be highly repetitive. They may experience periods of hallucination. But it’s advised that it’s best not to address or mock such behaviours or push the individual to attempt to recollect memories, which may cause mental disturbances. Progressively, the individual would gather their surroundings and process their actions accordingly. For example, they would recognise where they are, why they are in the clinic, and the month and year.

Remember that the individual still cannot take charge of their actions. It could be of some solace to the family to understand that the individual will probably have little memory of this time.

Make sure to get some downtime for yourself or hand over the meeting and oversight to other people. Being drained makes you feel more disheartened, and it is indispensable to take care of yourself.


Treatment relies upon the reason. For instance, an individual who has experienced a traumatic brain injury might profit from sedation, a lot of affection and care, and (maybe) mental treatment. Assuming that liquor abuse is the reason, then, at that point, abstinence, consolation, and tending to dietary deficiencies are recommended. On account of Alzheimer’s illness, you can access the scope of new meds that upgrade the brain’s functioning capacity. But the victim’s family may need to check for nursing homes or rehabilitation homes that offer caretaking facilities if the victim doesn’t seem prepared to take care of themselves.

You can get all the help you require only from your doctor, so do not hesitate to talk about your situation to them. Talk to a therapist from UnitedWeCare today to know more about TBI and PTA and seek rehabilitation and support.


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